Carbon Dioxide Removal
Homeland Fuels’ synthetic fuel integrates the following core principles:
• Use abundant U.S. resources, including biomass waste materials, as raw material feedstocks;
• Deploy proven gasification and liquefaction technologies;
• Meet all environmental regulations as a minor emissions source;
• Produce cleaner, more robust fuels that sell for indexed, commercial prices.
• Sustainable domestic sources of clean transportation fuels
• Reduced dependency on foreign oil
• Jobs and economic development
• A major new industry for the U.S.
40 Shawmut Road, Suite 200 Canton, MA 02021
The result is a very high quality transportation fuel made without crude oil. Our diesel fuel product, for example is:
• Ultra-clean drop-in fuel;
• Near zero sulfur, near zero aromatics, near zero nitrogen;
• Robust Cetane Number of 80+;
• 40% cleaner than conventional petroleum-based fuel.
Coal-to-Liquids and Biomass-to-Liquids:
Simplistically, the process involves breaking down the feedstock into a consistent size and energy content, adding heat through gasification to produce syngas, cleaning the syngas of all impurities (tars, particulates, ammonia, sulfur, mercury, carbon dioxide), and then feeding the remaining hydrogen and carbon monoxide into a reactor system (Fischer Tropsch or “FT” reactor) to produce straight chain hydrocarbons and water. At this point, the product is sent to storage and offloaded into trucks or rail cars.
The gas-to-liquid fuel technology replaces gasification or pyrolysis with steam reformation during which methane (natural gas) is combined with steam in a pressurized reactor to produce syngas consisting primarily of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The fuel produced from the GTL process contains virtually no sulfur and has a high cetane (a measure of combustion) number meaning the fuel burns more efficiently and therefore more cleanly than conventional oil-based diesel. It can also be blended with conventional diesel or bio-diesel to improve performance.
The tires-to-liquids technology uses pyrolysis in place of gasification to break down the feedstock. Whereas gasification introduces oxygen and a catalyst, pyrolysis is the process of heating the material in the absence of oxygen. The resulting products are a char, or carbon black, syngas, and pyrolysis oil. The char, or carbon black, after sufficient cooling, is conveyed to an integral collection hopper prior to entering a secondary unit operation where it is upgraded to a specialty grade of activated carbon. The syngas or pyrolysis gas flows into a high-temperature cyclone and then into a scrubber column which removes the residual particulates. The scrubber column also saturates the pyrolysis gas with water. This cool conditioned pyrolysis gas continues to flow sequentially through a series of process steps that distill and condense the pyrolysis gas until the liquefaction process is complete -- producing #2 fuel oil for use by stand-by diesel generators, off-road construction equipment and as a heating oil.